Newark Liberty International Airport
Before acquiring its present name Newark Liberty International Airport, it started as Newark Metropolitan Airport and later got changed to Newark International Airport. It is also connects the urban limits of Newark and Elizabeth, New Jersey. In 2010 it handled more than 33 Million visitors, as for flight count it is busiest in New York–New Jersey cosmopolitan area. Though owned by Newark the airport’s operational control lies with Port Authority of New York and New Jersey.
Spreading over 2,027 acres of land there are 3 runways and a helipad in this airport. The two main runways used for landing and departing flights are above 3000 meters in length. These are supplemented by a comparatively shorter runway of about 2000 meters mainly used when there are strong crosswinds on the other two.
There are three terminal buildings at the airport. Terminal A and B were completed in early 1970s whereas Terminal C was completed in 1988. Terminal A & B having four floors offer parking facility at the ground floor, second floor is used mainly for arrivals and baggage control, third floor provides gates and is occupied by shops and ticketing mostly on the top floor. During 1998 – 2003 Terminal C went through a $ 1.2 billion expansion program which made the available space twice as initial. This also provided for an additional departure lounge in the Terminal. Terminal C also has 41 gates in total for entry and exit.
To increase departure / arrival facilities Terminal B was expanded in 2008. This plan also expanded the ticketing area along with other passenger comforts. Expansion plans for Terminal A are also under considerations which will add new gates to it along with baggage, ticketing and security area. One peculiar thing about Terminal A at this airport is that it is useable only by domestic passenger flights or with passengers who need not immigration to enter into the U.S., i.e. there is no immigration desk in this Terminal.
United Airlines is the major client of this airport using a dedicated Terminal C and portion of Terminal A as well. The Airline also operates these Terminals as an agent to the Port Authority. Only Terminal B is controlled and operated directly by the Port Authority. FedEx is the second largest occupier of the airport with its Cargo Hub spreading to a million square feet.